Ash-Shura الشورى

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Ash-Shūrā (الشورى, al shūrā, "Council, Consultation") is the 42nd chapter of the Qur'an (Q42) with 53 verses

Its title derives from the question of "shūrā" (consultation) referred to in Verse 38. The term appears only once in the Quranic text (at Q42:38). It has no pre-Quranic antecedent.

Regarding the timing and contextual background of the believed revelation (asbāb al-nuzūl), it is an earlier "Meccan surah", which means it has been revealed in Mecca, rather than later in Medina.

  • 1-2 The Almighty reveals his will to Muhammad
  • 3 Angels intercede with God on behalf of sinful man
  • 4 Muhammad not a steward over the idolaters
  • 5 The Quran revealed in the Arabic language to warn Makkah
  • 6-10 God the only helper, creator, and preserver, the all-knowing
  • 11-13 Islam the religion of all the former prophets
  • 14 Muhammad commanded to declare his faith in the Bible
  • 15 Disputers with God shall be severely punished
  • 16-17 God only knows the hour of the judgment
  • 18-19 The Almighty will reward the righteous and the wicked according to their deeds
  • 20 Sinners only spared through God’s forbearance
  • 21-22 Rewards of the just and of the unjust
  • 23 Muhammad charged with imposture
  • 24-27 The sovereign God forgives and blesses whom he will
  • 28-33 God’s power manifested in his works
  • 34-41 A true believer’s character decided
  • 42-45 The miserable fate of those whom God causes to err
  • 46 Sinners exhorted to repent before it is too late
  • 47 Muhammad only a preacher
  • 48-49 God controls all things
  • 50-51 Why God reveals himself by inspiration and through apostles
  • 52-53 Muhammad himself ignorant of Islam until he had received the revelation of the Quran

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